Nutrition in the first 1000 days of life is the essential key to a healthy future life, as this subset of the population is prone to dietary imbalances and inadequacies. Proper nutrition is vitally important to support proper growth and development.
The main food in the first years of a baby's life is undoubtedly breast milk, because it provides the vitamins and minerals that the baby needs. There are also formulas for infants whose mothers cannot breastfeed.
At approximately 6 months of age, they begin to eat more solid foods, although it is always good to consult a professional for advice on when to start.
It is important here to be aware of several things:
-Allergic reactions that may appear.
-Diarrhea or vomiting
According to experts in the area you should avoid giving:
-Honey (until your baby is one year old), because honey may have a toxin that causes botulism.
-Cow's milk (until your baby is one year old) because it does not contain all the nutrients your child needs.
-Unpasteurized drinks or foods (such as juices, milk, yogurt or cheese), because they can cause an E. coli infection.
-Some foods are dangerous because the baby can choke (popcorn, nuts, grapes).
-High levels of sugar are not recommended. It is always advisable to consult your baby's doctor if you have any doubts, to make sure you have optimal nutrition for your baby.
5 points to take into account for the development of an adequate feeding behavior
- When they are a little older, it is important to have a regular schedule of meals (three main meals a day and two light meals). When the child eats every 2-3 hours, with regular schedules, it facilitates the appearance of moments of hunger and he/she will probably eat better.
- Mealtimes should be pleasant. In these conditions, the child should be given enough time to eat, and allowed to leave the table when he shows that he has eaten enough (do not make him eat when he is not hungry).
- Remember that many children, like many adults, are neophobic, the new produces rejection and is tested with caution but they are also neophilic, the new also attracts.
- Children need very small amounts of food: their portion sizes are 1⁄4 of that of adults. They can have with a two-finger-sized piece or 1 to 2 scoops of vegetables as a serving.
- They should be helped to have a successful meal, a situation that is facilitated by giving them foods that they like, as long as as as a whole they achieve a balanced diet, while at the same time being easy to grasp and chew.